• Authors: Chen, Y. H., Narimatsu, Y., Clausen, T. M., Gomes, C., Karlsson, R., Steentoft, C., Spliid, C. B., Gustavsson, T., Salanti, A., Persson, A., Malmstrom, A., Willen, D., Ellervik, U., Bennett, E. P., Mao, Y., Clausen, H., Yang, Z.
  • Year: 2018
  • Journal: Nat Methods
  • Applications: in vitro / DNA / FectoPRO
  • Cell type: CHO
    Description: Chinese hamster ovary cells


CHOZN GS-/- suspension cells were maintained in EX-CELL® CD CHO Serum-Free Medium and co-transfected with 1 ug of gRNA plasmid DNA and GFP-tagged Cas9-expressing plasmid with FectoPRO in a 6 well plate format. GFP-tagged CRISPR–Cas9 nuclease was used to evaluate Cas9 expression, and 48 h after transfection, GFP expressing cells were isolated by FACS.


Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are essential polysaccharides in normal physiology and disease. However, understanding of the contribution of specific GAG structures to specific biological functions is limited, largely because of the great structural heterogeneity among GAGs themselves, as well as technical limitations in the structural characterization and chemical synthesis of GAGs. Here we describe a cell-based method to produce and display distinct GAGs with a broad repertoire of modifications, a library we refer to as the GAGOme. By using precise gene editing, we engineered a large panel of Chinese hamster ovary cells with knockout or knock-in of the genes encoding most of the enzymes involved in GAG biosynthesis, to generate a library of isogenic cell lines that differentially display distinct GAG features. We show that this library can be used for cell-based binding assays, recombinant expression of proteoglycans with distinct GAG structures, and production of distinct GAG chains on metabolic primers that may be used for the assembly of GAG glycan microarrays.

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