• Authors: Parhiz, H., Shier, W. T., Ramezani, M.
  • Year: 2013
  • Journal: Int J Pharm 457 237-59
  • Applications: in vitro / DNA / PEIpro
  • Cell types:
    1. Name: CHO
      Description: Chinese hamster ovary cells
    2. Name: HEK-293
      Description: Human embryonic kidney Fibroblast
      Known as: HEK293, 293


Lack of safe, efficient and controllable methods for delivering therapeutic genes appears to be the most important factor preventing human gene therapy. Safety issues encountered with viral vectors have prompted substantial attention to in vivo investigations with non-viral vectors throughout the past decade. However, developing non-viral vectors with effectiveness comparable to viral ones has been a challenge. The strategy of designing multifunctional synthetic carriers targeting several extracellular and intracellular barriers in the gene transfer pathway has emerged as a promising approach to improving the efficacy of gene delivery systems. This review will explain how sophisticated synthetic vectors can be created by combining conventional polycationic vectors such as polyethylenimine and basic amino acid peptides with additional polymers and peptides that are designed to overcome potential barriers to the gene delivery process.

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