• Authors: Baltrusch, S., Schmitt, H., Brix, A., Langer, S., Lenzen, S.
  • Year: 2012
  • Journal: Biochem Pharmacol 83 1300-6
  • Applications: in vitro / DNA / jetPEI
  • Cell type: MIN6
    Description: Mouse insulinoma cells
    Known as: mouse Pancreatic Beta cells


MIN6 cells were seeded in six-well microplates at a density of 3.5x10^5 cells and grown for three days. Thereafter, cells were transfected with jetPEI and 2 mg EYFP, EYFP-PFK-2/FBPase-2 or EYFP-PFK-2/FBPase-2-Mut and grown for further 48 h.


The glucose phosphorylating enzyme glucokinase plays a crucial role in stimulus-secretion coupling in pancreatic beta cells and in glucose metabolism in liver. Glucose mediates a shift of the enzyme's conformational equilibrium towards the closed conformation with high glucokinase activity. Further activation of glucokinase is endogenously mediated by interaction with the bisphosphatase domain (FBPase-2) of the bifunctional enzyme 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (PFK-2/FBPase-2) and can be achieved also by a new class of glucokinase activators (GKA), chemical compounds that might be suited for type 2 diabetes therapy. While FBPase-2 increased only the phosphorylating capacity of glucokinase, the GKA LY2121260 augmented in addition the affinity of glucokinase for glucose. PFK-2/FBPase-2 but not LY2121260 antagonized glucokinase inhibition by the competitive glucokinase inhibitor mannoheptulose at increasing glucose concentrations. Interestingly, an additive activation of glucokinase was observed by use of recombinant FBPase-2 together with LY2121260. This new crucial observation could be confirmed with cellular extracts containing the glucokinase and PFK-2/FBPase-2 proteins. Addition of LY2121260 resulted in a further significant increase in glucokinase activity. Because the glucokinase-PFK-2/FBPase-2 complex was conserved under LY2121260 treatment as shown by size exclusion chromatography a concerted action of both activators towards the closed active glucokinase conformation can be anticipated. Thus, as a result of the additive effect of both activators on glucokinase activity, the largest increase of glucose-induced insulin secretion was observed in the combined presence of PFK-2/FBPase-2 and LY2121260.

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